CONTROL BIOLÓGICO DE ENFERMEDADES Y PLAGAS PROMOVIDO POR LOMBRICES

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Gabriella Jorge-Escudero Jan Erland Lagerlöf Carlos Alberto Pérez

Resumo

A pesar de vaivenes en la historia al respecto de cómo se ha interpretado la acción de las lombrices
sobre el suelo y las plantas, actualmente se acepta como un hecho que estos anélidos tienen un efecto
positivo indirecto sobre la productividad y sanidad vegetal, al mejorar las propiedades del suelo que
sustenta la vida de las plantas. Lo que resulta más novedoso, quizás, es la acción directa que se ha
descubierto que pueden tener las lombrices al suprimir ciertas plagas y enfermedades; o influyendo
directamente sobre el sistema de defensa de las plantas. Estas líneas de investigación tienen varias
décadas de desarrollo a nivel mundial, pero son muy poco conocidas en el mundo hispano-parlante,
con escasa literatura en el tema escrita en español. La presente revisión pretende reunir los casos que
han demostrado un efecto positivo significativo de las lombrices sobre la sanidad vegetal, indagar en
los mecanismos por los cuales éstas pueden participar del control biológico de parástitos fitófagos o
fitopatógenos, y discutir las perspectivas de aplicación del control biológico mediante el uso de
lombrices como parte de una agricultura sustentable y agroecológica.

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Como Citar
JORGE-ESCUDERO, Gabriella; LAGERLÖF, Jan Erland; PÉREZ, Carlos Alberto. CONTROL BIOLÓGICO DE ENFERMEDADES Y PLAGAS PROMOVIDO POR LOMBRICES. Revista Brasileira de Agroecologia, [S.l.], v. 13, n. 4, oct. 2018. ISSN 1980-9735. Disponível em: <http://revistas.aba-agroecologia.org.br/index.php/rbagroecologia/article/view/22530>. Acesso em: 15 dec. 2018.
Seção
Ensaios Teóricos

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